Volume 6.40 | Oct 13

Pancreatic Cell News 6.40 October 13, 2015
Pancreatic Cell News
     In this issue: Publications | Reviews | Industry News | Policy News | Events | Jobs
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TOP STORY
Melatonin Overcomes Gemcitabine Resistance in Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma by Abrogating NF-κB Activation
The authors investigated whether the inhibition of NF-κB signaling pathway by melatonin might lead to tumor suppression and overcome gemcitabine resistance in pancreatic tumors. They showed that melatonin inhibited activities of NF-κB by suppressing IκBα phosphorylation and decreased the expression of NF-κB response genes in MiaPaCa-2, AsPc-1, Panc-28 cells and gemcitabine resistance MiaPaCa-2/GR cells. [J Pineal Res] Abstract
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PUBLICATIONS (Ranked by impact factor of the journal)
DIABETES & PANCREATITIS

Mesenchymal Hox6 Function Is Required for Pancreatic Endocrine Cell Differentiation
Scientists report a novel role for Hox6 genes in pancreatic organogenesis. Genetic loss of all three Hox6 paralogs leads to a dramatic loss of endoderm-derived endocrine cells including insulin-secreting beta cells, as well as mild delays and disruptions in pancreas branching and exocrine differentiation. [Development] Abstract

Ca2+ Signals Mediated by Bradykinin Type 2 Receptors in Normal Pancreatic Stellate Cells Can Be Inhibited by Specific Ca2+ Channel Blockade
Investigators compared Ca2+ signaling in pancreatic stellate cells (PSCs) and their better studied neighboring acinar cells (PACs) and found complete separation of Ca2+ signaling in even closely neighboring PACs and PSCs. [J Physiol] Abstract

Krüppel-Like Factor 4 Overexpression Initiates a Mesenchymal-to-Epithelial Transition and Redifferentiation of Human Pancreatic Cells following Expansion in Long Term Adherent Culture
Scientists determined whether the transcription factor Krüppel-like factor 4 (KLF4), could induce a mesenchymal-to-epithelial transition of cultured cells. Islet-enriched pancreatic cells, allowed to dedifferentiate and expand in adherent cell culture, were transduced with an adenovirus containing KLF4. [PLoS One] Full Article

Effects of Cyanidin-3-O-Glucoside on Synthetic and Metabolic Activity of Ethanol Stimulated Human Pancreatic Stellate Cells
Researchers demonstrated that treatment with cyanidin-3-O-glucoside decreased proliferation rate of ethanol activated human pancreatic stellate cell (hPSC) by 51%. Synthesis of extracellular matrix proteins in activated hPSC was markedly inhibited, as shown by reduced levels of collagen I and fibronectin expression. [Phytother Res] Abstract

PANCREATIC CANCER

Interplay between Menin and Dnmt1 Reversibly Regulates Pancreatic Cancer Cell Growth Downstream of the Hedgehog Signaling Pathway
Investigators found that menin inhibited pancreatic cancer cell growth in vitro and in vivo and that its expression was gradually lost during pancreatic carcinogenesis. [Cancer Lett] Abstract

PIK3CA Mutations Can Initiate Pancreatic Tumorigenesis and Are Targetable with PI3K Inhibitors
Researchers examined mutant PIK3CA-mediated pancreatic tumorigenesis and the response of PIK3CA mutant pancreatic cancers to dual phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K)/mammalian target of rapamycin inhibition. [Oncogenesis] Full Article

KLF2 Is Downregulated in Pancreatic Ductal Adenocarcinoma and Inhibits the Growth and Migration of Cancer Cells
The authors examined the expression of Kruppel-like factor 2 (KLF2) in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) clinical samples and evaluated the functions of KLF2 in the progression of PDAC. KLF2 is shown to be downregulated in PDAC clinical samples and overexpression of KLF2 inhibits the growth, migration, and metastasis of PDAC cancer cells. [Tumor Biol] Abstract

Combinatorial Treatment of CD95L and Gemcitabine in Pancreatic Cancer Cells Induces Apoptotic and RIP1-Mediated Necroptotic Cell Death Network
Scientists demonstrated that the combined action of CD95L and gemcitabine in pancreatic cancer cells leads to the simultaneous induction of caspase-dependent and caspase-independent cell death. [Exp Cell Res] Abstract

Low-Dose Gemcitabine Induces Major Histocompatibility Complex Class I-Related Chain A/B Expression and Enhances an Antitumor Innate Immune Response in Pancreatic Cancer
Researchers investigated the effect of gemcitabine on the expression of cell surface MICA/B in pancreatic cancer cells and resulting cytotoxicity of γδ T cells. [Clin Exp Med] Abstract

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REVIEWS
miRNAs: Early Prognostic Biomarkers for Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus?
The authors discuss the potential role of early diagnostic markers such as circulating miRNAs, studies done so far and challenges to be considered while taking into account the novel role of miRNAs as prognostic biomarkers. [Biomark Med] Abstract

Visit our reviews page to see a complete list of reviews in the pancreatic cell research field.
 
INDUSTRY NEWS
Covalent Data and JDRF Partner to Organize and Evaluate Type 1 Diabetes Discovery and Translational Research Outcomes
Covalent Data, Inc. announced an agreement that provides JDRF with the ability to track and analyze the resultant output of grant awards to academic researchers. [JDRF] Press Release

Cancer Research UK Launches £100 Million Grand Challenges to Tackle the Most Important Questions in Cancer
Cancer Research UK has launched Grand Challenges – the biggest and most ambitious cancer grants in the world – which aim to overcome the greatest barriers standing in the way of beating cancer. The £100 million investment will revolutionize how we diagnose, prevent and treat cancer by uniting teams of the best scientists around the world to come up with answers to crucial questions about how to save more lives from cancer. [Cancer Research UK] Press Release

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POLICY NEWS
National Institutes of Health (United States)

Food and Drug Administration (United States)

Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research (United States)

European Medicines Agency (European Union)

Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency (United Kingdom)

Therapeutic Goods Administration (Australia)
 
EVENTS
NEW Stem Cells: Development & Management
November 30-December 2, 2015
Phitsanulok, Thailand

Visit our events page to see a complete list of events in the pancreatic cell community.
 
JOB OPPORTUNITIES
NEW Postdoctoral Position – Diabetes (University of Geneva Medical School)

NEW Senior Clinical Lecturer – Cancer & Inflammation (Queen Mary University of London)

Research Associate – Pancreatic Cancer Modelling (University College London)

Clinical Research Fellow – Pancreatic Cancer (Cancer Research UK Manchester Institute)

Marketing Manager – Oncology (Celgene Corporation)

Postdoctoral Fellowship – Action in Obesity and Diabetes Pathogenesis (National Institutes of Health Diabetes)

Postdoctoral Fellow – Diabetes and Metabolism (Johns Hopkins University)

Postdoctoral Position – Pancreatic Cancer (University of California, San Diego)

Postdoctoral Position – Diabetes (Harvard Medical School)

Postdoctoral Position – Diabetes Research (Inserm)

Postdoctoral Position – Diabetes Research (Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University)

Postdoctoral Research Fellow – Translational Research Program (Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center)

Postdoctoral Research Scientist – Pancreatic Cancer (Columbia University)


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